Rabbit Poop – Everything you need to know

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Rabbit poop is important! – This guide will tackle everything related to rabbit poop. Poop is at a core the perfect way of telling if your rabbit is not only healthy but if they have any internal issues.

If you’re concerned about your rabbit’s poop or hanging their diet, you should always contact your local veterinarian first.

Rabbits are herbivores which means they eat grass, weeds and hay as a primary of their diet, due to this, their digestive system is extremely sensitive when it comes to processing their diet and this is easily spotted in their poop!

Your rabbits quality of poop can be thrown out of whack by simply giving too many treats, not having the right quality or quantity of hay and even over-feeding them pellets.

If you’re looking for a single sign of how well your rabbits digestive system is functioning and if their diet is as healthy as possible you can find it directly in rabbit poop. If you notice a change in your rabbit droppings that means there’s either a digestive disruption or progression.

How many poops will my rabbit do?

Rabbit outside pooping
Photo by Chan Swan on Unsplash

A typical rabbit will poop around 200-350 times a day, this changes in volume based on how big your rabbit is and how much they eat and how their mood is. For example, a rabbit that has recently been scared may produce smaller poops for a few hours after.

How can I tell if they’re healthy rabbit poops?

Rabbit poo that is fresh should be soft and brittle, a little bit of pressure should result in your rabbits poop falling apart into a small dusty like substance. The longer you leave a rabbit poo the harder they’ll get, so if possible try checking with a fresh poop!

The inside of your rabbits fresh poop should look almost golden, leaning towards a very greenish/yellow tint and lots of smaller bits.

The types of droppings

Rabbits produce two types of droppings.

Hard Round balls: Also called faecal pellets, it contains the waste indigestible fiber.

Soft Dark Colored Droppings: Also called cecotropes, rabbits re-ingest cecotropes to obtain extra nutrients.

Faecal Pellets

Normal rabbit poo is small in size and it’s usually black, dark brown and green in color filled with plant and grass pieces. They are slightly moist but dry out quickly. If you examine and break one apart, you will see the undigested plant fibre that it’s formed from and it crumbles easily.

Droppings that are too small, dark and irregular in shape show that your rabbit isn’t processing food well. The reason may be a diet that has less fibre or a problem that may have slowed down the digestion of food.

If your rabbit stops pooping suddenly and hasn’t pooped for around 24hours it means the processing of food has completely stopped and it’s a life threatening condition and should be treated by your vet immediately.

Cecotropes

Cecotropes look squishy in appearance as the droppings are stuck together. It is dark brown almost black in color and the mucus covering gives it a glossy appearance.

The rabbits consume the cecotropes to obtain extra nutrients, rabbits produce these at the same time every day and mostly at night time hence it’s also called “night droppings”.

But pet rabbits produce them at different times as it depends on their feeding routine. Rabbits eat cecotropes straight from their butt; you may notice your rabbit ducking itshead underneath and then sit up chewing.

The production of too many cecotropes iscaused by a diet that is rich in carbohydrates, sugar and protein which disturbs the balance of the bacteria present in the caecum.

Rabbits do not eat these extra droppings as it does not contain important nutrients and rabbit poop stuck tobottom also gets squished on the floor.

You can resolve this issue by reducing the amount of pellets and increasing the amount of hay or feeding high in fibre and low protein pellets to your rabbits.

Sticky Rabbit Poo

Why is my rabbit’s butt covered with sticky poo? – one cause is that you may be feeding them too many sugary treats and not feeding your rabbit with enough hay. Some foods may also contain hidden sugar in the form of syrups and molasses that bind the pallets together.

As such, we suggest avoiding seed based treats, not only as they are a choking hazard but are typically very unhealthy for your rabbits gut.

You should opt for foods that containno sugars and should be high in fibre; you can make these changes slowly so your rabbit’s digestive system has a chance to adapt to the new food.

Sugary treats should be restricted for your rabbits as it may cause an upset stomach. If your rabbit does not like eating hay it may be that they haven’t had a hay they like, we suggest trying out different varieties.

You can make eating hay more rewarding for your rabbits by stuffing it intocardboard tubes and folding the ends!

Are Rabbit Droppings Harmful?

Rabbits can carry parasites like tapeworm and roundworm but their waste does not transmit any diseases to humans.

However, a single rabbit can excrete hundreds of droppings in a day which doesn’t directly damage your garden but does indicate that your rabbit will urinate whichcan damage grass.

Can you catch diseases from your rabbits droppings?

In theory, you can catch a variety of diseases from your rabbit from Pasteurella, Tetanus, Ringworm and even E. cuniculi. However, this doesn’t necessarily mean they will come from your rabbits poop, Ringworm is the most likely to cause via rabbit droppings.

Unfortunately, Tapeworms can be acquired from vegetation, fox droppings, dogs & cats and even wild rabbits which means this is easily transferred to yourself as well.

Golden poop!

Golden poops or nuggets as they’re known as mean your rabbit has an extremely good diet and their gut is digesting food well. Basically, golden rabbit poop can be seen as a way of viewing your rabbits nutritional balance.

Golden poop is even brighter than a healthier looking poop and the inside is as it says, golden! It will have a nice yellow tint to it and look like a golden nugget! Perfect.

You can help your rabbit produce good poo by feeding them with lots of hay that help in the production of normal poo and cecotropes. Here’s a tip, you can match the minimum amount of hay you feed your rabbit by their body size! That’s how much hay you rabbit needs to have at a minimum every day.

Keep a clean bottom!

Soft or sticky poo gets stuck to the rabbit butt. Which attract the flies to the poopy butt where they lay eggs that hatch out as maggots which may cause serious health conditions in rabbits like Flystrike also known as ‘myiasis’.

Whenever you find your rabbit dirty, gently clean the rabbit butt with warm water and dry it. If you find maggots on their poopy butt, always consult the vet as soon as possible.

Rabbit Poops as Super Fertilizer

You can grab a handful of rabbit pellets and spread it all over your garden. As they break down, they improve and build the soils structure, add stability and hold nutrients for plants and other organisms in the soil as well.

Facts about Rabbit Manure

  • Rabbit manure is organic, it improvessoil structure, drainage and moisture retention.
  • Rabbit manure has more nutrients than cow manure.
  • Rabbit manure is packed with potassium, phosphorous, minerals, nitrogen and micro-nutrients.
  • Rabbit manure also improves the life cycle of microorganisms in the soil.
  • Plants need nitrogen for green growth and rabbit manure is higher in nitrogen than cow or horse manure.
  • Rabbit manure is also high in potassium;it helps with fruit quality and reducing diseases.
  • It also has high phosphorous, it helps in the transformation of solar energy into chemical energy. It’s great for the growth of roots and helps plants withstand stress
  • Worms just love rabbit manure.